A commemorative book on former Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir has been published by Israel State Archives, according to Israel’s Government Press Office (GPO).
The volume includes 182 published papers, many of which are being presented to the public for the first time.
The book covers Meir’s childhood and time in the pre-state Histadrut (labor federation) institutions. Meir’s tenure as Israel’s first Minister of Labor, from 1949 to 1956, is touched on as well. Born in Kiev, Meir’s (born Golda Mabovich) family emigrated to Milwaukee in 1906, following her father, Moshe Mabovich, who had emigrated to the United States to find work a year before. Known for the tough, straight-forward approach leading her to be dubbed Israel’s “Iron Lady” (taking a cue from British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher), Meir had the distinction of being the only woman ever to hold Israel’s highest office, and the fourth woman in the world to serve as Prime Minister. Meir, who assumed office following the death of Prime Minister Levi Eshkol in 1969, resigned from her position as Prime Minister after fallout from the 1973 Yom Kippur War, in which questions were raised over Israel’s preparedness for the conflict.
A significant portion of the new book covers Meir’s years as Prime Minister (1969 to 1974), in which she dealt with numerous challenges, including terrorism, social protest, and war. The commemorative book examines Meir’s leadership during the Yom Kippur War, analyzing the way that she dealt with the Americans during the post-war crisis, post-war criticism, and the Agranat Commission findings.
Meir died of lymphomatic cancer at 80, in December 1978. Numerous streets and institutions have been subsequently been named for her, including the Golda Meir School, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the Golda Meir Library, University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and Golda Meir Square, New York City, to name a few. According to Jewish Women’s Archive.org, Meir was “a titan of modern Zionism, a history-making national leader,” and “one of the most accomplished women of the twentieth century.”